Harlequin baby

Harlequin baby is a term used in medical field to call a baby who suffered a skin disease named ichthyosis. The disease also called as Harlequin Ichthysosis because the sufferer’s skin is cracked shaping diamond checkered shape, just like the shape of Harlequin pattern.

 

190px-harlequin_fetus

 

Information about the disease, taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlequin_type_ichthyosis.

 

Harlequin-type ichthyosis (also harlequin ichthyosisichthyosis congenitaIchthyosis fetalis or keratosis diffusa fetalis), a skin disease, is the most severe form of congenital ichthyosis, characterized by a thickening of the keratin layer in fetal human skin. In sufferers of the disease, the skin contains massive, diamond-shaped scales, and tends to have a reddish color. In addition, the eyes, ears, mouth, and other appendages may be abnormally contracted. The scaly keratin greatly limits the child’s movement. Because the skin is cracked where normal skin would fold, it is easily pregnable by bacteriaand other contaminants, resulting in serious risk of fatal infection.

Sufferers are known as harlequin fetusesharlequin babies, or harlequins.

The harlequin-type designation comes from both the baby’s apparent facial expression and the diamond-shape of the scales (resembling the costume of Arlecchino), which are caused by severe hyperkeratosis. The disease can be diagnosed in the uterus by way of fetal skin biopsy or by morphologic analysis ofamniotic fluid cells obtained by amniocentesis. In addition, doctors can now usually recognize common features of the disease through ultrasound, and follow up with 3D ultrasound to diagnose the condition.

~ by hanathebanana on January 21, 2009.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: